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Petro Retailing Business-1-July-Dec-14

Petro Retailing Business-1-July-Dec-14

Section A (20 Marks)

Write short notes on any four of the following

1.      Exploration and Production Activities in Petro Industry

2.      Initiatives Taken by Indian Oil Corporation Limited to Improve CRM

3.      Demand and Supply of Petroleum Product

4.      Anti-adulteration Tips on the Consumers Front

5.      Transportation in Petro Industry – A Multi-modal Operation


Section B (30 marks)


(Attempt any three)

1.      Identify the people in petro industry. Also, list the customer’s categorisation and recognition.

2.      Discuss the exploration and production process of petroleum.

3.      What do you understand by offering of blocks under NELP-IX?

4.      Throw light on the fuel industry in India. What initiatives did India take to control fuel adulteration?



Section C (50 marks)


(Attempt all questions. Every question carries 10 marks)


Read the case “Pipelines - Indian Oil Corporation Limited.” and answer the following questions:


Case Study: Pipelines - Indian Oil Corporation Limited


Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. operates a network of 11,214 km long crude oil, petroleum product and gas pipelines with a capacity of 77.258 million metric tonnes per annum of oil and 10 million metric standard cubic metres per day of gas. Cross-country pipelines are globally recognised as the safest, cost-effective, energy-efficient and environment-friendly mode for transportation of crude oil and petroleum products.

The operational throughput of pipelines was recorded at 74.20 million metric tonnes during 2013-14. The offshore terminals of IndianOil at Vadinar, Mundra and Paradip have handled 218 tankers including 128 VLCCs during the year. The multi-product pipelines successfully prepared to transport Euro IV grade fuels from refineries to marketing centres maintaining the high quality standards of products during transportation. Beginning with the first batch of Euro-IV MS grade quality fuel to National Capital Region in January, 2010, Euro IV grade quality fuels have been transported through the pipelines from refinery locations to the major metros for supply of these environment friendly products to the consumers as per the new emission norms.

IndianOil completed and commissioned the 290-km long Chennai-Bangalore Pipeline to position the petroleum products from Chennai Petroleum Corporation’s Manali refinery to Bangalore and surrounding areas in a cost-effective manner. Crude oil feed for the expansion of Panipat refinery to 15 million tonnes was arranged through the augmented Mundra-Panipat Pipeline. The augmentation project was commissioned during the year at a cost of Rs. 165 crore against approved cost of Rs. 205 crore.

Integrated crude oil handling facilities being provided at Paradip involves setting up of a second and third Single Point Mooring (SPM) and concomitant sub-sea pipelines. Crude oil blending application installed at Mundra has been an attractive solution for refineries with the ability to blend different crude types to provide a consistent and optimal feedstock to refinery operations. The online integrated crude oil blender facility is now being implemented at Vadinar crude oil terminal to enable the maximization of yields of higher value products.

Implementation of Paradip-Sambalpur-Raipur-Ranchi Pipeline, branch pipeline from Koyali-Sanganer Pipeline at Viramgam to Kandla will further strengthen the petroleum product delivery in central and western India in the coming years.

Nearly 14 pipeline projects are under implementation at an approved cost of over Rs. 6,700 crore. Upon completion, these projects would result in additional length of over 3,600 km and added capacity of 16 MMTPA. These include the 700 km Paradip-Haldia-Budge Budge-Kalyani-Durgapur LPG Pipeline, 295 km Sanganer-Bijwasan Naphtha Pipeline, Augmentation of PHBPL and five additional tanks at Paradip, 270 km branch pipeline from Patna to Motihari and Baitalpur, 120 km Cauvery Basin Refinery to Trichy Pipeline and 400 km Ennore-Trichy-Pondicherry LPG Pipeline.

Crude Oil Pipelines

Salaya-Mathura Pipeline (SMPL)

IndianOil operates the 1870 km long Salaya-Mathura Pipeline from Salaya (near Vadinar) in Jamnagar district on the coast of Gujarat to bring crude oil to IndianOil's refineries at Koyali (Gujarat), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh) and Panipat (Haryana). Two Single Point Mooring (SPM) systems are operated at Vadinar to unload the crude oil received from tankers including Very Large Crude oil Carriers (VLCCs) with offshore pipelines. At Vadinar, IndianOil has a vast crude oil tank farm of 13 tanks with a total capacity of 0.773 MMT. IndianOil also has crude oil storage tank farm at Viramgam with a total capacity of 0.331 MMT. Another storage tank farm at Chaksu has six tanks with a total capacity of 0.219 MMT.

After traversing 435 km from Vadinar, the Salaya-Mathura Pipeline branches off at Viramgam in Gujarat through a 148 km pipeline to Koyali (Baroda). Further, after 716 km, the pipeline branches off at Chaksu to Mathura and Panipat.

Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Pipeline (PHBPL)

The 1302 km long crude oil pipeline from Paradip in Orissa to Barauni in Bihar has 328 km long Paradip-Haldia and 498 km long Haldia-Barauni sections. In addition, the pipeline system include 20 km long offshore pipeline from Single Point Mooring system to tank farm in Paradip. It also has a loopline of 437 km. A total of 19 km dockline also connects the pipeline with two crude oil jetties at Haldia. The crude oil requirement of IndianOil's refineries at Haldia, Barauni and Bongaigaon is transported through this pipeline.

Mundra - Panipat Pipeline (MPPL)

The 1194 km long Mundra Panipat Pipeline was commissioned to transport crude oil from Mundra on the Gujarat coast to IndianOil's refinery at Panipat in Haryana. The pipeline consists of a 74 km long pipeline from Mundra to Kandla which was hooked up to the existing system of Kandla-Panipat section of Kandla-Bhatinda Pipeline at Churwa near Gandhidham. The pipeline utilizes Gujarat Adani Port's Single Point Mooring (SPM) offshore crude oil terminal facilities and associated offshore and onshore pipelines. The crude oil tank farm consists of 12 crude oil storage tanks with total capacity of 0.499 MMT at Mundra.




1.      Write short note on the integrated crude oil handling facilities being provided at Paradip.

2.      Where is the Salaya-Mathura Pipeline located and how long does it extends?

3.      Write an executive summary on the operations of Indian oil Corporation Limited.

4.      What do the Euro IV grade fuels depict in the above case?

5. How many pipeline projects are under implementation?

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