Top » Catalog » UPES » Dec 2014 »

Rs.1,000.00

IT Applications in Power Sector-2-July-Dec 14

IT Applications in Power Sector-2-July-Dec 14

Section A (20 Marks)

Write short notes on any four of the following

1.      VPNs Utilizing Special-purpose Network Protocols

2.      Network Storage

3.      CRM Process across Power Distribution Sector in India

4.      E-business Challenges

5.      Enterprise Portals

Section B (30 marks)

 

(Attempt any three)

1.      Determine the scope of the project.

2.      Describe the challenges of IT in power sector. Also, discuss the role of emerging technologies.

3.      Throw light on the competition in the E-business Age.

4.      Elucidate the implications for leveraging knowledge.

 

Section C (50 marks)

 

(Attempt all questions. Every question carries 10 marks)

 

Read the case “IT in Power Sector” and answer the following questions:

 

Case Study: IT in Power Sector

Information Technology (IT) has the potential to contribute significantly in the power reforms process, particularly in the areas of business process automation, revenue and commercial management, distribution system automation, consumer relationship management (CRM) and AT&C (Aggregate Technical and Commercial) loss reduction.

Information Technology (IT) is widely acknowledged to be crucial for efficient operation and management of all industrial systems. This is equally true of the power utilities, which need to handle a large amount of information for their efficient operation.

It has been observed that the approach of the various distribution utilities towards IT has been piecemeal with standalone applications deployed for a limited operational requirement. In other words, IT has been used as a tool to address a specific issue or two at a time and not as a long-term, holistic strategy.

While Indian IT sector has helped numerous organizations around the globe derive substantial benefits from application of IT, there is plenty of room for IT application within the power sector in India. There is a need to look at the global practices in IT adoption in the power sector so that India can benefit from it, the gap in IT adoption globally and in the Indian power sector is apparent and glaring and even the rate of overall technology adoption in India is on the lower side.

Globally IT is being used to enable operations at a transaction level thus providing advantages like in-built process controls, workflow enabled transactions, single point of data capture and support for timely strategic decision making.

On the other hand, in India, the core operations are still manual and therefore face issues like adhoc decision making, poor data quality, long decision making cycles and underutilization of IT investments. In order to reap the benefits of IT, the wide gap between India and global best has to be bridged.

Understanding the need of IT in power sector, Ministry of Power, Govt. of India, as a part of Reforms in the Power Sector, has launched the Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (R-APDRP) in the XI Five year Plan.

The focus of the program is on the actual demonstrable performance in terms of AT&C loss reduction, establishment of the reliable and automated sustainable systems for collection of base line data, adoption of information technology (IT) in the areas of electricity accounting, Consumer care and strengthening of Distribution network of State Power Utilities.

A provision of Rs.50,000 crores has been made for funding during XI plan for the Projects under the scheme to be taken up in two parts in urban areas – towns and cities with population of more than 30,000 (10,000 in case of special category states).

The scheme also envisage establishment of supervisory control & data acquisition system/ distribution management system in large towns, capacity building, incentive scheme for distribution personnel etc.

Provides a fully automated and up-to-date summary of key performance indicators across all state agencies. This enables leaders and managers to make better decisions and to quickly identify and act on problems before they become crises. It also sharply reduces the amount of time spent on manually collecting, analyzing and reconciling data from multiple systems.

Managers can create custom queries and graphical reports that provide near real-time performance data so they can quickly see where standards are not being met – and adjust their actions accordingly. They can also access from high level summaries to pinpoint individual cases that need immediate attention.

A transaction-oriented IT infrastructure prevented the state from providing citizens and policy-makers with information that was accurate, timely and insightful. In addition, silos and bureaucratic red tape made it difficult to aggregate information across agencies to provide a statewide view.

In a nutshell, the entire gamut of the operation in power sector will be revolving around better availability of quality power and efficient management of energy while maintaining the eco-friendliness all along.

Improved information management can provide the insights necessary to support improved decision-making and long-term planning. It can also boost service quality and efficiency, enabling the government to serve the public more effectively. Citizens, employees and policy-makers now have a wealth of information at their fingertips.

Through custom queries and reports, they can quickly zero in on the data they need, without resorting to manual processing and analysis – or getting bounced around from one agency to the next. This ground-breaking effort has taken government transparency to a new level and has been widely recognized as a standard for other states to follow.

In most advanced countries, power utilities have made major gains in terms of productivity, efficiency, reliability and commercial management through the use of modern IT tools. Information Technology has found application in a wide spectrum of tools that enhance performance in Planning, Operational, Maintenance, Training and Commercial activities in a Power System. Specific Information Systems (IS) in this context include:

  1. Energy Management Systems (EMS)
  2. Distribution Automation (DA) Systems
  3. Planning and Energy Accounting Systems
  4. Metering and Billing Systems
  5. Training Systems
  6. Maintenance Management Systems (MMS)
  7. Management Information Systems (MIS)
  8. Power Plant Control Systems
  9. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA)

 

 

Questions:

  1. Throw light on the role of IT in power sector.
  2. “It has been observed that the approach of the various distribution utilities towards IT has been piecemeal with standalone applications deployed for a limited operational requirement.” Elaborate.
  3. Write a brief note on the features of Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (R-APDRP) in the XI Five year Plan.
  4. Explain why the operation in power sector will be revolving around better availability of quality power and efficient management of energy.
  5. Suggest some measures that may help bring some positive transformations IT in power sector.
Quick Find
 
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
0 items
Share Product

osCommerce Online Merchant Copyright © 2010 osCommerce
osCommerce provides no warranty and is redistributable under the GNU General Public License
Note: We provide all Solutions and Contents for Reference/Study purpose only.