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3rd Semester Financial Management NMIMS Assignment Solution

3rd Semester Financial Management NMIMS Assignment Solution

NMIMS Assignment Solution

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1. Subject: Cost and Management Accounting

Q1. Ashish had joined the labour control and payment system of Navneet Ltd. He was asked by his manager to prepare a report on the various activities involved in the cost accounting for the labour. Provide various inputs that he has to keep in mind while preparing the report.

 

Q2. ABC Ltd uses the LIFO method for recording inventory. The details of the company are as follows:

Jul-14

Particulars

1

pening balance 400 liters @ .28.00 per litre

4

Purchased 300 liters @ .27 per litre

7

Issued 200 litres

10

Issued 300 litres

22

Purchased 490 liters @ .25.00 per litre

25

Issued 300 litres

Prepare a stores ledger account using the LIFO method and explain the relevance of this method.

 

Q3. To make 15 Kg. of a product, the standard materials required are as follows:

Materials

Amount

Price

A

0 kg @

8

B

3 Kg. @

10

C

2 Kg. @

12

During the month of July, 1,500 Kg. of the product was produced. The actual materials consumed were as follows:

 

Materials

Amount

Price

A

900 kg @

7

B

400 Kg. @

8

C

200 Kg. @

10

Calculate and interpret whether the variance is favourable or unfavourable:

a. Material Cost Variance ( 5 Marks)

b. Material Price Variance (5 Marks)

2. Taxation - Direct and Indirect

Question 1

Mr. Chattur, is a citizen of Germany came to India as a tourist in the previous year 2016-17 and stayed in India for a period of 162 days. He liked the south east part of the country and decided to explore all the tourist places there so he stayed in India throughout the year 2015-16. However, in the year 2013-14, 2014-15 he visited India in two International Conferences and his period of stay was 26 days and 18 days respectively. Discuss in the light of the various applicable provisions of Income Tax Act

  • His residential status for AY2017-18 and the necessity to determine his residential status.

 

Question 2

Mr. Thakkar aged 38 years furnishes the following details with regard to his options exercised for tax planning purpose for the year ending as on 31.03.2017

a) Has taken Life insurance policy as on 30.4.2016 from Bajaj Alliance for a capital sum assured Rs.2.5 lacs, premium paid for the same Rs 75000

b) Contribution made by a bearer cheque towards Public Provident Fund account of his father Rs20000

c) Paid Rs85000 to a friend towards housing loan on a property taken, the property is situated at Ratlam.

d) Subscription to units of mutual fund referred under section 10(23D) for Rs130000.

e) Contribution made towards Public Provident Fund account of his spouse Rs90000.

He wants to know about the gross total amount which he can claim as deduction while computing his total income. Are there any provisions available under the Indian Income Tax Act for the same?If yes, then discuss how the relevant provision will be helpful, give adequate reasons supporting the answer and also calculate the amount eligible for deduction under section 80 C.

 

Question 3: The Assessing officer in the decided case (GE Energy Parts Inc vs. ADIT, ITAT Delhi) examined the taxability of income of GE Overseas under the Act as well as the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement. He did not accept the contention of the assessee that the sale consideration was not taxable in India as the title in respect of the equipment’s was transferred outside India and the payments were also received outside India. He held that a lot of activities relating to marketing and sales took place in India. Further, the negotiations of prices also took place in India. These facts, in the opinion of the AO, were clear indicators of the GE India securing orders for GE Overseas. He further found that GE Overseas, by remotely sitting in foreign countries, could not make any sales, without the active involvement of GE India. This was held to be a business connection of GE Overseas in India in terms of section 9 of the Act. The AO, therefore, held that all the profits did not accrue or arise to the assessee in the foreign soil, but part of such profits arising in India, corresponding to the activities carried out in India, was chargeable to tax under the Act. Such income accruing or arising was held to be liable to tax as per the provisions of section 5(2) of the Act. Simply put, the AO has made out a case that the GE overseas entities were having business connection under the Act as well as permanent establishment under the DTAA in India in all the years under consideration.

(link: http://itatonline.org/archives/ge-energy-parts-inc-vs-adit-itat-delhi-permanent-establishment-entire-law-explained-on-whether-the-deputation-of-personnel-by-a-foreign-company-to-assist-the-indian-subsidiaries-in-negotiations-mark/)

a) In the context of above mentioned cases, discuss what can be the objectives and importance of framing rules with respect to taxation of a business concern which operates in more than one nation from taxation perspective?

b) Elaborate, why the assessing officer is of the contention to treat GE India as a permanent establishment in the given case?

3. Subject: Capital Market and Portfolio Management

Q1 Following information regarding the holding period of the stock A, is available. Based on the data provided in the Table 1 below, calculate and mention the following

i. Return on Investment (ROI) and its Formulae

ii. Steps to calculate ROI

iii. Net Returns from investment (in Rs)

Table 1

 

Stock A

Event

Date

Value (In Rs.)

Stock Purchased

31 March 2012

750.60

Dividend received

31 March 2013

9.00

Dividend received

31 March 2014

9.50

Dividend received

31 March 2015

10.00

Dividend received

31 March 2016

10.50

Dividend received

31 March 2017

11.00

Stock Sold

31 March 2017

1320.90

10 Marks)

Q2 Mr. Ravindra Kumar chooses to invest total amount of Rs. 1,00,000/- in equal proportion in both Stock A and B (data given in Table 2). The correlation coefficient between the stock A and stock B is 0.4. Demonstrate that he has taken a better investment decision as compared to decision of investing all the amount only in stock A and stock B. Hint: You have to demonstrate the impact of diversification on the portfolio returns and variance in case of two assets                (10 Marks)

Table 2

Stock A

Stock B

Probability

Return

Probability

Return

5%

-20%

10%

-25%

20%

0%

20%

0%

25%

10%

25%

20%

30%

20%

20%

30%

20%

25%

25%

40%

 

Q.3 Mr. Rajendra Kumar has been a investing in the stock market purely based on tips received from his stock-broker friend, Mr. Ramesh Chandra, and has been generating decent returns till now. Given the low size of his investible surplus, he has not been able to take advantage of all the tips that he received given by Mr. Ramesh, say during a year. As a result his investment has been restricted to investing mostly in a single company through a particular year. So much so that sometimes he has stayed invested in a single scrip even for more than two years. While his returns may have been sometimes good and sometimes great but he has not been overly worried about their levels or adequacy, as he has never lost any money at overall investment level. Actually the yearly returns from his stock market investments have always been higher than the bank fixed deposit returns, where he parks most of his savings. Hence, in nutshell, for him the investment strategy seems to be working for him and he is happy. Thus he never saw any reason to change his investment pattern or strategy. Moreover he continues to significantly rely on the tips received through Mr. Ramesh. Because of Mr. Ramesh's good track record in suggesting good scrips for investment and the trust Mr. Rajendra has in Ramesh's integrity, he has never acted on any of the tip related to investments received from any other person.

 

Last week Mr. Ramesh told him that he plans to retire from his stock broking business. He planned to handover the business over the next six months, to his partner and relocate with his wife, permanently to US to stay with his son and his family. He added that while Mr. Rajendra can continue to avail of the broking services through the broking firm to be run by his partner, he will not be able to provide the good and timely tips that Mr. Rajendra has been solely relying on for investing his money. He also suggested Mr. Rajendra to invest through mutual funds.

 

Mr. Rajendra got worried and told Mr. Ramesh that he is not convinced that why he should be investing through a mutual fund. Moreover, even if he agrees to invest through the same, how would he ever choose the one that he should give his money to invest, as there are so many of them with each one claiming their performance to be better than the other?

Understanding Mr. Rajendra's predicament and anxiety, Mr. Ramesh gave reference of one of his professional contact (You), working as a fund manager, in a reputed mutual fund company. He asked Mr. Rajendra to meet you and seek answers to his questions related to mutual funds. Mr. Rajendra has contacted you and sought time to meet with you and discuss the following:

a)            Why should Mr. Rajendra be investing through mutual fund?     (5 Marks)

b)            On what basis he should choose a mutual fund amongst others? What are the various performance measures used for a mutual fund?          (5 Marks)

Describe in detail your answers to Mr. Rajendra's queries

4. Subject: Strategic Cost Management

1. XYZ is considering a Project with an initial investment of Rs.100,000. Three probable cash flow scenarios with their probabilities of occurrence are as under:

 

Annual Cash Flow

(Rs.) 20,000

30,000

40,000

Probability

0.1

0.7

0.2

 

Project life is 5 years with expected return of 20%. The expected terminal values associated with each of above probabilities are Rs.0, Rs.20,000 & Rs.30,000. Find the probable NPV. (10 Marks)

 

2. An M&A expert has been hired to explain to the management of a sick company the symptoms that are normally seen before a company qualifies for being referred to as a BFIR candidate. You being a freshly appointed Management Trainee are required to present a small write up, briefly explaining those early symptoms. (10 Marks)

 

 

3a) From the following particulars, calculate: Material Cost Variance & Material Price Variance

Quantity of materials purchased                                                               3000 units

Value of materials purchased                                                                     Rs.9000

Standard quantity of materials required per tonne of output      30 units

Standard rate of material                                                                             Rs.2.5 per unit

Opening stock of materials                                                                          nil

Closing stock of materials                                                                             500 units

Output during the period                                                                             80 tonnes

(5 Marks)

 

3b) Calculate Labour Yield Variance from the following data:

Standard Output              500 units

Actual Output    450 units

Standard Time   1000 hrs

Standard Rate   Rs.20 per hour (5 Marks)

5. Subject: Corporate Finance

Question 1

Lakme India is planning to launch a new product as “Lakme fair Skin Natural Mousse – Hydrating”. The company is planning to import machinery costing Rs100 lacs from Japan. The expected life of the machinery will be 10 years. The selling price per unit will be Rs 1250 and variable cost per unit will be Rs850. Further the company will have to pay Rs25lacs as fixed cost per annum. The fixed cost includes Rs10 lacs as depreciation. The company expects to sale 150000 units of the produced per year. Tax rate applicable is 50 %. The management of the company wants to know the cash flow associated with the equipment, as the CEO of the company emphasis that it is necessary to evaluate capital budgeting decisions. Do you agree? Give reasons supporting your answer and determine the cash flow generated (that is profit after tax+ depreciation) by the equipment.

 

Question 2

If you want to run your business smoothly, you should be capable enough to manage the working capital requirements of the business in an efficient manner. “Several companies like Dabur, Dell computers, Cadbury India realized the need of maintain an adequate level of working capital. Further they also have to identify the different types of working capital needed in their business at different points of time”. This is the statement of CEO of M-Mart Ltd who is interviewing you for the position of finance manager. Do you agree with the statement of the CEO? Give reasons and conclude the same in an effective manner.

 

Question 3

Miss Kavvya is a successful entrepreneur of GEMS Pharma Ltd. The entrepreneur is looking to launch a new sunscreen cream in the market at a selling price of Rs275 per unit. The fixed cost determined for producing the product is Rs55700. The variable cost of producing the product is Rs165 per unit. Miss Kavvya wants to perform the cost volume profit analysis.

a) Discuss and explain the relevant tool, formula of CVP analysis applicable in the above mentioned case and how the cost will be broken down for performing such analysis.

b) If the sales are 800 units then what will be the profit generated by the business? What would be your advice, if the fixed cost is Rs95000 instead of Rs55700?

6. Subject: Marketing of Financial Services

Q1) Explain the concept of Online Marketing of financial services. How is it changing the way financial services are sold in India? (10 Marks)

Q2) A study has shown that Insurance agents in India have an incentive to recommend more expensive and less suitable products to consumers. Suggest a roadmap for the Insurance industry where there would be a win-win for both agents and the consumers. (10 Marks)

Q3) You are a Financial Planner. Your client Ashwin Aswani aged 40 years, married with 1 child requires your help to make some financial decisions. (You can make any assumptions to further build up your case.)

a) Ashwin wants to buy a Pure Risk Life Insurance cover. He is confused whether he should buy a ULIP, Endowment or a Term Plan. Recommend the product best suited for him giving valid reasons. (5 Marks)

b) Ashwin wants to purchase a holiday home by liquidating his retirement savings fund and taking a home loan for the next 10 to 15 years. Ashwin wants your opinion whether this is an appropriate strategy for a Retirement Plan. (5 Marks)

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