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Project Management IIMT Solved Assignment

Project Management IIMT Solved Assignment

Technology Management
Section A - 20 MARKS

All questions are compulsory. Each question carries 2 marks

1. Which type of technology allows you to enter information and commands into a computer?
    A)    Data entry
    B)    Input
    C)    Processing
    D)    Telecommunication

2. Which type of technology allows you to send information from one computer to another?
    A)    Output
    B)    Telecommunication
    C)    Connecting
    D)    CPU

3. What term is used to describe information coming into a computer that is in bad form, or is incorrect, and will improperly affect the decision-making process?
    A)    GIGO
    B)    Tainted data
    C)    Dirty information
    D)    Scrubbed data

4. Which type of worker knows how and when to apply technology?
    A)    Computer scientist
    B)    Technology-literate knowledge worker
    C)    Technology analyst
    D)    Computer savvy

5. Which type of software coordinates the interaction of technology devices?
    A)    Application software
    B)    Utility software
    C)    RAM
    D)    Systems software 

6. An information policy is typically aimed at improving:
    A) the utilization of data storage on servers.
      B) openness of communications within an organization.
      C) a culture of knowledge sharing.
      D) errors from poor quality information.
      E) opportunities from better usage of information.

7. ________ systems keep a track on the daily regular business transactions of the organisation.
    A) Management-level
    B) Strategic-level
    C) Executive information
    D) Operational-level

8.  ________ is a set of data, organised in a way that facilitates non-predetermined queries for aggregated information.
    A) Cubes
    B) Data warehouse
    C) Data Marts
    D) Relational data sources

9. ________ is a very powerful means of managing and controlling various activities and decision-making processes.
     A) Inventory system
    B) Control system
     C) Information system
    D) Manufacturing system

10.  Which of the following factor decides the success of BPR initiative?
    A) Scope and rigor of BPR planning
    B) Training and education
     C) Resistance to change
           D) commitment of Top Management


Answer any 4 of the following questions

Q1: Discuss the stages of the Technology Life Cycle. It has been said that every technology eventually reaches a decline due to development of better technologies. Illustrate your answer suitably.
Answer: Most new technologies follow a similar technology maturity lifecycle describing the technological maturity of a product. This is not similar to a product life cycle, but applies to an entire technology, or a generation of a technology.

From a layman's perspective, the technological maturity can be broken down into five distinct stages.
1)    Bleeding edge - any technology that shows high potential but hasn't demonstrated its value or settled down into any kind of consensus. Early adopters may win big, or may be stuck with a white elephant. Strategic alliance partners, allied on research, pursue separate paths of development with the incipient technology of common origin but pool their accomplishments through instruments such as 'cross-licensing'. Generally, contractual provisions among the members of the consortium allow a member to exercise the option of independent after joint consultation; in which case owns all subsequent development.
2)    Leading edge - a technology that has proven itself in the marketplace but is still new enough that it may be difficult to find knowledgeable personnel to implement or support it.Till this stage is reached, the technology-owning firm would tend to exclusively enjoy its profitability, preferring not to license it. If an overseas opportunity does present itself, the firm would prefer to set up a controlled subsidiary rather than license a third party.
3)    State of the art - when everyone agrees that a particular technology is the right solution.
4)    Dated - still useful, still sometimes implemented, but a replacement leading edge technology is readily available. The exercise of this option is, generally, inferior to seeking participatory exploitation; in other words, engagement in joint-venture, typically in regions where the technology would be in the leading edge, as say, a developing country. In addition to providing financial opportunity it allows the technology-owner a degree of control over its use. Gain flows from the two streams of investment-based and royalty incomes. Further, the vital life of the technology is enhanced in such strategy.
5)    Obsolete - has been superseded by state-of-the-art technology, maintained but no longer implemented. There are instances when, even though the technology declines to becoming a technique, it may still contain important knowledge or experience which the licensee firm cannot learn of without help from the originator. This is often the form that technical service and technical assistance contracts take (encountered often in developing country contracts). Alternatively, consulting agencies may fill this role

2.    "Information Technology brings about changes in products and these have some major consequences." What are these consequences? Explain with examples.
3.    What are the various factors that are involved in the generation of technology? Explain. How can the progress of R&D projects be monitored?
4.    Briefly summarize the Indian experience with regard to technology absorption. Has it undergone any change over the past years?
5.    Write a note on the Government's support for technological up gradation and modernization in the small-scale sector.
6.    Write notes on any three of the following: 
(a) Technology Business Incubators (TBIs)
(b) Venture Capital and its role in technology financing
(c) National Informatics Centre (NIC)
(d) Role of R&D organization in an enterprise


Case Study

     The consultant's reply was: "In my investigation of your applications portfolios, I've applied … to the logical data structures and have discovered a very high frequency - approximately 93.286% - of data embedded in application program logic which is largely responsible for the integrity and synchronization problem currently being encountered. As a solution, I would recommend the design of a master database each of which would employ relational technology to reduce the database to third normal form. This would eliminate the possibility of semantic disintegrity upon querying the database." Questions: a. Try to guess what the consultant said? b. Justify the use of technical jargon.

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