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Financial Management-UPES-2-J13

Financial Management-UPES-2-J13

Section A (20 Marks)

Write short notes on any four of the following:

  1. Concept of EOQ and lot size measurement
  2. Cash Before Delivery (CBD) and Cash After Delivery (COD)
  3. Aircraft asset management tools
  4. Liquidity management
  5. Inventory orders


Section B (30 marks)

(Attempt any three)

  1. XYZ Company sells goods on a gross profit of 25% depreciation is taken into account as a part of cost production. The following are the annual figures given to you:

Sale (Two month’s Credit)                                                                                18,00,000

Materials consumed (One month’s credit)                                                           4,50,000

Wages paid (One month lag in payment)                                                            3,60,000

Cash manufacturing expenses (One month lag in payment)                                4,80,000

Administration expenses (One month lag in payment)                                        1,20,000

Sales promotion expenses (Paid quarterly in advance)                                           60,000

Income tax payable in four installments of which one lies in the  (next year)     1,50,000


The company keeps one month’s stock of both raw-materials and finished goods. It also keeps Rs. 1,00,000 in cash. You are required to estimate the working capital requirements of the company on cash cost basis assuming 10% safety margin.

2.      KSBS Ltd. is planning to install a captive generator set at its plant. Its finance manager is asked to evaluate the alternatives either to purchase or acquire generator on lease basis.

Depreciation @ 20% p.a on written down value. Corporate tax rate 40%. After tax cost of debt is 14%. The time gap between the claiming of the tax allowance and receiving the benefit is one year. Evaluate the lease or buy decision based on the above information.  


  1. How does corporate disclosure and credit education contribute to success of credit rating of aviation industry?
  2. Explain the legal framework of hire purchase in aviation industry?


Section C (50 marks)

(Attempt all questions. Every question carries 10 marks)

Read the case “RNS MOTORS LTD” and answer the following questions:


RNS  Adwani, an ITI diploma holder had been working with M/s. RNS and workshop for the last ten years. He had joined as a technician. He was recognized as the best mechanic of Supreme Garage. A good number of clients preferred to get their cars repaired by RNS Adwani . In three years time, he was promoted as a supervisor. RNS  Adwani then joined distance education programme of IGNOU and completed his graduation. He studied accounts and would assist the owner Mr. Gupta in maintaining the accounts. Mr. Gupta liked him very much and two years back, RNS  Adwani was promoted as the manager of RNS and Workshop.

Gupta had set up this business about 18 years back when he had retired from the Indian Army due to a leg injury. Due to good customer relations and quality service, RNS and workshop had earned a very good reputation and was known as the best motor garage in the district. A large number of clients form the neighboring  district would bring in their vehicles to Supreme Garage. The workshop was known for engine overhauling. It had an electrical section for auto electrical and an agency for Exide batteries. RNS specialized in denting and painting and maintained good relations with insurance companies. It maintained its own tow truck and did good business during accidents and break-downs. It presently employed ten full time mechanics, one supervisor besides RNS  Adwani and Gupta who were manager and the owner respectively. During the rush season the workers worked overtime and additional casual labour was also employed to meet the delivery schedules.

Since past one year, Mrs. Gupta  was not keeping well. Six months ago, she had a minor  heart attack. Mrs. and Mr. Gupta decided to shift to USA and join their daughter, who was a heart specialist at Los Angles, USA. Gupta had no one to succeed him, he decided to sell the business. He wanted the buyer to run the business on similar lines and maintain its reputation.

He called RNS  Adwani and made him an offer to sell his business. The initial offer was for Rs. 57.50 lakh. He also proposed to assist RNS  in financing the purchase.

Gupta provided him with the information on past earnings with projections for five years. He also provided him with the Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Accounts of RNS Motors as on 31st  March 2000. He informed RNS  that based upon the business flow, he had valued the goodwill as Rs. 15 lakh.

RNS  was excited about the offer. He knew that the business was very profitable and its profits had been increasing over the years. It had never been at loss. He consulted a friend who was a banker and also a Chartered Accountant. He advised him differently. He knew there was a scope of negotiation over the price of the business. Now RNS  now needs assistance.

Sales and Profit of Previous Years


Summary of Projected sales and earnings




Balance sheet (As on 31.03.2000)

Liabilities                                                                                               Rs.

Capital                                                                                               16,00,000

Retained profits                                                                                18,10,880

Building loan                                                                                    26,99,200

Term loan                                                                                          12,16,000

Current liabilities                                                                                 8,14,400

Total liabilities                                                                                   81,40,480


Gross block                                                                                       66,56,000

Depreciation                                                                                      14,22,720

Net blocks (at the end)                                                                     52,33,280


Current assets

Stocks                                                                                                 6,65,600

Receivables                                                                                       13,31,200

Cash in hand                                                                                       9,10,400

Total current assets                                                                           29,07,200

Total assets                                                                                        81,40,440


Depreciation Schedule

Asset                        Gross Block             Depreciation                    Net Block

Land Building              38,40,000                   6,16,000                    32,24,000

Plant Eqpt.                   26,24,000                   7,34,720                    18,89,280

Other Assets                  1,92,000                      72,000                      1,20,000

Total                             66,56,000                 14,22,726                    55,33,280



Profit & Loss Account (for the year ending 31.03.2000)


Net Sales                                                                                    99,64,800

Direct Wages                                                                             30,78,400

Contract Materials                                                                     18,83,200

Supplies                                                                                        2,36,800

Mix Costs                                                                                     4,24,000

Cost of Sales                                                                              56,22,400

Gross Profit from Operation                                                      43,42,400

Operating Expenses                                                                   26,35,200

Total Depreciation for the Year                                                   3,76,272

Net Income before Interest and Taxes                                      13,30,928

Interest                                                                                         4,97,440

Profit Before tax                                                                          8,33,488

Income tax                                                                                   1,58,240

Net Profit after tax                                                                      6,75,248



  1. Evaluate the value of RNS Motors using discounted cash flow and multiple earning method (Assume 20% required rate of  return).
  2. How do you think the banker will value this business? Discuss the method and calculate the value.
  3. If you were the banker, will you finance?
  4. How would you evaluate the good will of RNS Motors.
  5. As a consultant would you advice Mr. RNS  Adwani to buy RNS Motors or not? Explain with reasons.
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